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Get help on your
Driving Theory


The Driving Theory test is comprised of a computerized Theory Test of multiple choice questions together with a video-based Hazard Perception Test.
Learning to drive is just as much about knowing how to be safe on the roads as it is about handling the car. Therefore, much of the Theory Test concentrates on 'reading the road' so that learners understand how to avoid accidents. You must pass both parts in one sitting.

We recommend reading the Highway Code book and the Essential Driving Skills, published by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency.

When you can take the theory test

You can take the theory test from your 17th birthday onwards.

You can take it from your 16th birthday if you get, or have applied for, the enhanced rate of the mobility component of Personal Independence Payment (PIP).

Multiple-choice questions

You have 57 minutes to answer 50 multiple-choice questions.

Before the test starts you'll get:

  • instructions on how the test works
  • the chance to do some practice questions to get used to the screens
How the test works

A question and several possible answers appear on a screen. You have to select the right answer. Some questions are given as a case study. The case study will:
  • show a short story that 5 questions will be based on
  • be about a real life situation you could come across when driving
Leaving a question

You can 'flag' questions that you want to come back to later.

Changing your answers

You can go back to any question to review and change your answer at any point.

When you've finished

You can finish the multiple-choice questions part when you've answered all of the questions. You don't have to use the full 57 minutes.

You can have a break of up to 3 minutes before the hazard perception test starts.

Hazard perception test

Before you start the hazard perception test, you'll be shown a video about how it works.

You'll then watch 14 video clips. The clips:
  • feature every day road scenes
  • contain at least one 'developing hazard' - but one of the clips features 2 developing hazards
You get points for spotting the developing hazards as soon as they start to happen.

What a 'developing hazard' is

A developing hazard is something that would cause you to take action, like changing speed or direction.

Example A car is parked on the side of the road and isn't doing anything. It wouldn't cause you to take action, so it's not a developing hazard.

When you get closer, the car's right-hand indicator starts to flash and it starts to move away. You'd need to slow down, so it's now a developing hazard.

How the scoring works

You can score up to 5 points for each developing hazard.

To get a high score, click the mouse as soon as you see the hazard starting to develop.

You don't lose points if you click and get it wrong. However, you won't score anything if you click continuously or in a pattern.

You only get one attempt at each clip. You can't review or change your responses.

Pass mark and test result

You'll get the result at the test center after taking the theory test. You must pass both parts to pass the test.

Test partPass mark Points available
Multiple-choice questions 43 50
Hazard perception 44 75

If you pass

You'll get a letter with a pass certificate number at the test centre. You need this when you book and take your driving test.

Your pass certificate number lasts for 2 years. You must pass your driving test in that time, otherwise, you'll have to pass the theory test again.

If you fail

You'll get a letter at the test centre. It'll tell you which parts you didn't score enough points on so you know what to practice.

You must book and take the full test again, even if you passed one part this time.

You have to wait at least 3 working days before taking your test again.

If you have a reading difficulty, disability or health condition

When you book your theory test you should say if you have a:
  • reading difficulty
  • disability
  • health condition
You have reading difficulties

You can ask to hear the test through headphones when you book your test. You can hear it in English or Welsh.

You can listen to the questions and possible answers as many times as you need to.

Other types of support

You can get other support during your theory test if you send proof that you have reading difficulties.

This can be an email, letter or report from:
  • a teacher or other educational professional
  • a doctor or medical professional
You can get:
  • extra time to take the test
  • someone to read what's on the screen and record your answers
  • someone to reword the questions for you
The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) will select the best type of support for you unless you say what you'd prefer.

DVSA theory test enquiries
DVSA Theory Test Enquiries
PO Box 1286

Extra time to take the test

You can ask for more time to do the multiple choice questions part of the theory test.

Reading what's on the screen and recording your answers

A member of staff at the test centre can:
  • read out all the instructions and questions on the screen
  • record your answers to the questions during the multiple-choice part of the test
Rewording the questions for you

You can ask for a member of staff to reword the theory test questions to make them easier for you to understand.

The person can't change the technical language that you need to know. But they can change the order of the sentence and other non-technical words and phrases.

You still need to answer each question yourself.

You're deaf or have a hearing impairment

You can take the theory test in British Sign Language (BSL) if you're deaf or have a hearing impairment.

The BSL interpretation runs alongside the standard test questions and answers.

Take an interpreter

You can take an interpreter with you if you don't use BSL. Contact DVSA to arrange this. You won't be charged an extra fee.

Hearing loop and lip speakers

You can arrange to have a lip speaker with you at the theory test centre or use a listening aid (hearing loop).

To use either service you'll need to contact DVSA before your test.

Other disabilities or health conditions

Contact DVSA to discuss any other disability or health condition before you book your test.

DVSA theory test enquiries
Telephone: 0300 200 1122
Textphone: 0300 200 1166
Monday to Friday, 8am to 4pm
Find out about call charges

  • To get you a successful pass in the fewest number of lessons.
  • We will not sell you any lessons you do not need.
  • You learn at your pace, not ours! and achieve maximum progress from each and every lesson.
  • Quality tution by fully qualified DSA Driving Instructors.
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